NASA's Mars Helicopter Ingenuity to Take its Historic Flight on Red Planet

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The space agency originally scheduled a flight on April 11 but postponed it due to a software problem.

NASA hopes to make history on Monday morning when the Ingenuity Mars Helicopter attempted the first powerful, controlled aircraft on another planet.

The space station initially had planned the flight on April 11 but postponed it due to a software problem that was detected during a high-speed rotor flight test.

The matter has been resolved, and the 1.8-kilogram drone could reach its target at about 7.30 GMT.

The data, however, will not arrive until a few hours later, and NASA will begin live streaming at 10.15 GMT. "Each world receives only one first flight," said MiMi Aung, project manager for the Ingenuity project before the first attempt.

The purpose of the genius, in contrast, is to demonstrate that its technology works, and it will not affect Perseverance's scientific goals. But there is hope that intelligence can pave the way for future flyers to alter our observations of celestial bodies because they can reach places where rovers can go, and travel at great speed.

The world's first powerful aircraft was discovered by the Wright brothers in 1903 in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. A piece of fabric from that plane was tucked inside intellectually to honor that feat. A helicopter flew to Mars bound for the Rover Perseverance, which hit the planet on February 18 in a search for signs of outer space.

The timing of the helicopter is selected based on the weather on Mars. Wind is a major unknown and can threaten a mission. Flying is challenging because Mars is much smaller - less than one percent of the earth's atmospheric pressure.

That makes it very difficult to achieve the climb, although it will be partially assisted by the gravitational force of a third of the Earth.

Very high quality video

The helicopter will take off for about six seconds, roam and rotate for about 30 seconds, then back down. The plane will be self-contained, pre-programmed in the plane for 15 minutes taking signals from Earth to Mars.

The intellect itself will analyze its position in relation to the Martian surface. After the flight, intelligence will send technical data to endure what it has done, and that information will be transmitted to Earth.

This will paint a black and white picture of the Martian landscape that the intelligence is designed to capture while flying. Later, when its batteries are recharged, the intelligence will transmit another image - color, remote Martian, captured by a different camera.

But the most impressive images must have come from the Rover Perseverance, which will record a flight from a few meters away.

Shortly after this recording, six 2.5-second videos will be sent to Earth. NASA hopes that at least one of them will show a helicopter when it takes off.

The entire video will be posted in the next few days. “There will be a miracle, and you will be learning about it with us. So let's all get popcorn, ”said Elsa Jensen, who oversees the rover's cameras.

High risk

Four outcomes are possible, said Ms. Aung: complete success, incomplete success, insufficient or nonexistent data, or failure.

If the flight is successful, NASA plans another one within four days. At least five are planned in total, each in a row to be more difficult, in a month's time.

NASA hopes that the helicopter will rise 15 feet [5 m] and take off over time. "The life span of intelligence will be determined by how well we live each time," said Ms Aung.

"Once we get on the fourth and fifth flights, we will have fun," he said. "We will take brave planes and put them in great danger."

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